Information technology is the management and processing of electronic data or information, especially within an organization as opposed to personal use, through hardware, software and peripheral systems, including telephony equipment. Software development, application management, hardware components such as desktop support, server or storage administration and network architecture are the streams of specialization within the IT field. IT Experts seek employment as a chief information officer (CIO), chief technology officer (CTO), IT manager, systems administrator, application manager, developer, and architect.
"IT can provide the edge a company needs to outsmart, outpace and out-deliver competitors," says Edward Kiledjian, a Chief Information Security Officer and technology blogger.
Today, no modern business can live without a reliable IT infrastructure. IT experts are increasingly involved in resolving the problems arising due to;
Data overload: Businesses need to manage and process big data, which requires sophisticated hardware and software, processing power and human and computer analytical skills.
Mobile and wireless usage: Work from home has become the norm of the day, which involves mobile devices, tablets and laptops with wireless hotspots and roaming ability.
Cloud services: Businesses are now inclined to utilize cloud services and third-party hosting platforms to store their massive data instead of building their server farms.
Bandwidth for video hosting: As the popularity of video conferencing increases, so is the need for more bandwidth.
5G: Total IT infrastructures, from mobile devices to routers and switches, are being upgraded to derive benefits from the emergence of 5G technology.
Internet of things (IoT): Due to the rise of IoT, the interconnection via the internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data, encryption and security protocols need to be upgraded and diligently implemented to avoid a security breakdown.
Big tech companies and online educational platforms have launched their IT training courses, offering different specialization streams within this field.
Some offer courses covering digital literacy to digital marketing campaigns. Their focus is on teaching different aspects of online marketing campaigns, like ad display, budgeting and PPC advertising in search engines. A bunch of these courses and certifications are offered free of charge.
Others offer courses in programming, machine learning, artificial intelligence and database management.
Amazon offers Amazon Web Services and teaches the essentials of its could service in different streams of specializations, most of which are provided free of charge. As a result, the community of AWS experts is increasing.
Cisco offers training courses focused on networking. Cisco has established a local academies network, and its courses are considered the industry standard in this field. Cisco charges a fee for its specialized certifications.
Online educational platforms offer IT specialization modules, covered in 5 - 7 courses per specialization. They offer some of the introductory courses free of charge while charging their complete specializations and issuing certificates to successful participants. These specializations range from programming and AI to networking.
Some smaller online educational platforms offer comparatively smaller courses, which focus on a specific skill. These courses usually are self-paced and are cheaper alternatives to on-campus education or some costly specializations online.
Whether from an individual or a nation's perspective, online IT courses and training getting trained is need of the hour and insurance for future growth.